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ECR 2019 / C-1978
MRI of pelvic floor dysfunction: a practical review.
Congress: ECR 2019
Poster No.: C-1978
Type: Educational Exhibit
Keywords: MR, Pelvis, Genital / Reproductive system female, Anatomy, Defecography, Diagnostic procedure, Dacryocystography, Pelvic floor dysfunction
Authors: R. Zayed; Cairo/EG


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2.     Boyadzhyan L., Steven S., Raman S. R.:  Role of Static and Dynamic MR Imaging in Surgical Pelvic Floor Dysfunction. Radiographics, 2008; 28(4):949-967.

3.     Chaudhari V., Patel M., Douek M.: MR Imaging and US of Female Urethral and Periurethral Disease. RadioGraphics, 2010; 30(7):1857-1874.

1.     Chi TW, Chen SH. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging used in evaluation of female pelvic prolapse: experience from nine cases. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2007; 23(6):302-8.

5.     Colaiacomo M. C., Masselli G., Polettini E., Lanciotti S., Casciani E., Bertini L., & Gualdi G.: Dynamic MR imaging of the pelvic floor: a pictorial review. Radiographics, 2009; 29(3): e35.

6.     DeLancey JO. Correlative study of paraurethral anatomy. Obstet Gynecol 1986;68(1):91–97.

7.     El Sayed RF. The urogynecological side of pelvic floor MRI: the clinician’s needs and the radiologist’s role. Abdom Imaging 2012; In Press.

8.     Fielding J. R., Dumanli H., Schreyer A. G.: MR-based three-dimensional modeling of the normal pelvic floor in women: quantification of muscle mass. AJR American Journal of Roentgenology, 2000; 174(3):657–660.

9.     Ghossain N and Buy J.: Pelvic floor dysfunction Chapter 37 In Ghossain N and Buy J. (eds): Gynecological imaging. Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2013:P811-841.

10. Hetzer F, Andreisek G, Tsagari C et al. MR Defecography in Patients with Fecal Incontinence: Imaging Findings and Their Effect on Surgical Management. Radiology 2006; 240 (2):449-457.

11. Kim JK, Kim YJ, Choo MS, Cho KS. The urethra and its supporting structures in women with stress urinary incontinence: MR imaging using an endovaginal coil. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003;180 (4):1037–1044.

12. Law et al. MRI of pelvic floor dysfunc­tion: review. American Journal of Roentgenology, 2008; 191(6 supplement):S45-S53.

13. Luciana C.P., Ribeiro D. M. F. R., Caiado A. H., Warmbrand G., & Serafini P. C.: Translabial US and Dynamic MR Imaging of the Pelvic Floor, Normal Anatomy and Dysfunction. RadioGraphics, 2018; 38(1): 287-308.‏

14. Macura KJ, Genadry RR, Bluemke DA. MR imaging of the female urethra and supporting ligaments in assessment of urinary incontinence: spectrum of abnormalities. RadioGraphics 2006; 26(4):1135–1149.

15.     Martin DRSalman KWilmot CCGalloway NT. MR imaging evaluation of the pelvic floor for the assessment of vaginal prolapse and urinary incontinence. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2006; 14(4):523-35.

16. Roos J. E., Weishaupt D., Wildermuth S., Willmann J. K., Marincek B. & Hilfiker P. R.: Experience of 4 years with open MR defecography: pictorial review of anorectal anatomy and disease. Radiographics, 2002; 22(4): 817-832.‏ 

17. Stoker J., Halligan S. and Bartram C.: Pelvic floor imaging. Radiology, 2001; 218(3):621-641.

18. Strohbehn K. Normal pelvic floor anatomy. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 1998;25(4):683–705.

19. Weber AM, Abrams P, Brubaker L, et al. The standardization of terminology for researchers in female pelvic floor disorders. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2001;12(3):178–186.

20. Weishaupt D., Hetzer F. and Bolog N.: Pelvic floor dysfunction, Anorectal manifestations In Baert A. (eds): Encyclopedia in Diagnostic Imaging. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 2008; 1462-1466.

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