|ECR 2019 / C-1214|
|Local paediatric DRLs for CT examinations in Athens. Where are we now?|
Aims and objectives
In the past years there has been a significant increase in the number of Computed Tomography (CT) examinations in paediatric population. Miglioretti et al.  reported that CT use doubled in children less than 5 years and tripled in children aged 5-14 years the period 1996-2005. Often, CT examinations deliver high radiation doses contributing up to 60% of the total collective dose from all paediatric X-ray examinations . Considering the potential risks associated with ionizing radiation, especially in children, who are more sensitive to radiation exposure, there is an urgent need to implement Diagnostic Reference Levels (DRLs). DRLs have been proven an efficient tool for dose optimization in diagnostic radiology. The need to establish DRLs is precisely highlighted in the newly published European Guidelines on Diagnostic Reference Levels (DRLs) for Paediatric Imaging  as well in the Basic Safety Standard Directive 2013/59 Euratom . In light of these guidelines and reports, the aim of the current study was to determine local paediatric DRLs for five types of CT examinations at the largest children’s hospital in Athens, Greece.
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