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ECR 2019 / C-0873
Bridging defects-Radio-anatomical review of cranio-vertebral junction anomalies
Congress: ECR 2019
Poster No.: C-0873
Type: Educational Exhibit
Keywords: CT, Conventional radiography, Musculoskeletal system, Head and neck, Foetal imaging, Localisation, Developmental disease
Authors: G. Ilangovan1, R. G. Reddy2; 1Chennai, TA/IN, 2Chennai/IN


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  2. Krakener, J.MRI assessment of normal ligamentous structures in the craniovertebral junction Neuroradiology. 2001 Dec;43(12):1089-97.
  3. Goel A,Basilar invagination,Chiari malformation,syringomyelia:a review,Neurology India, 2009(3):235-246
  4. Tassanawipas etal, magnetic resonance imaging study of the craniocervical junction, J Orth surg, 2005:13(3):228-231
  5. Harris J, The cervicocranium:its radiographic assessment, Radiology 2001;218:337-351
  6. Crockhard, H.A.Craniovertebral junction anomalies in inherited disorders: part of the syndrome or caused by the disorder? Eur J Pediatr. 1995 Jul;154(7):504-12. Review
  7. ClarkeRA,KearsleyJH,WalshDA. PatternedexpressioninfamilialKlippel-Feilsyndrome.Teratology, 1996;53:152-7
  8. Wollowick Al,, Rheumatoid arthritis in the cervical spine: what you need to know. The American Journal of Orthopedics, 2007: p.401-406
  9.  Smoker     WRK     Craniovertebral     junction:     normal     anatomy, craniometry, and congenital anomalies. Radiographic 1994; 14:2555-7.
  10. Elliott S, Morton RE, Whitelaw RA. Atlantoaxial instability and abnormalities of the odontoid in Down's syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 1988 Dec;63(12):1484–1489.
  11. Lustrin, E.S.Pediatric cervical spine: Normal anatomy, variants and trauma. Radiographics 2003; 23: 539-560.
  12. Krakener, J.MRI assessment of normal ligamentous structures in the craniovertebral junction.Neuroradiology. 2001 Dec;43(12):1089-97
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