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ECR 2018 / C-1525
The development and review of patient information leaflets for varicoceole embolisation and fluoroscopy guided joint injection examinations
Congress: ECR 2018
Poster No.: C-1525
Type: Scientific Exhibit
Keywords: Ethics, Fluoroscopy, Interventional non-vascular, Education and training
Authors: T. Vassallo1, M. Maher2, A. Mizzi1, R. Depasquale1, L. Rainford2; 1Msida/MT, 2Dublin/IE



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3.  Ashraff, S., Malawa, G., Dolan, T. and Khanduja, V., (2006). Prospective randomised controlled trial on the role of patient information leaflets in obtaining informed consent. ANZ journal of surgery, 76(3), pp.139-141.



4. Brooke, R.E., Herbert, N.C., Isherwood, S., Knapp, P. and Raynor, D.K., (2013). ‘Balance appointment information leaflets: Employing performance-based user-testing to improve understanding’. International journal of audiology, 52(3), pp.162-168.



5. Leclercq, W.K., Keulers, B.J., Scheltinga, M.R., Spauwen, P.H. and van der Wilt, G.J., (2010). ‘A review of surgical informed consent: past, present, and future. A quest to help patients make better decisions’. World journal of surgery, 34(7), pp.1406-1415.



6. Redman, B.K., (2007). The practice of patient education: A case study approach. Elsevier Health Sciences.


7. Cronin, M., O’Hanlon, S. and O’Connor, M., (2011). ‘Readability level of patient information leaflets for older people’. Irish journal of medical science, 180(1), pp.139-142.



8.  Brown, H., Ramchandani, M., Gillow, J.T. and Tsaloumas, M.D., (2004). ‘Are patient information leaflets contributing to informed consent for cataract surgery?’ Journal of medical ethics, 30(2), pp.218-220.



9.  Mulsow, J.J., Feeley, T.M. and Tierney, S., (2012). ‘Beyond consent—improving understanding in surgical patients’. The American Journal of Surgery, 203(1), pp.112-120.



10.   Colmer R. (2017).  ‘How readable is your writing?’  Available at: (Accessed on 25 July 2017)



11. Turnbull, A., (2003). ‘How nurses can develop good patient information leaflets’. Nursing Times, 99(21), pp.26-7.



12. Flesch, R., (1948). ‘A new readability yardstick’.  Journal of applied psychology, 32(3), p.221.



13. Williamson, J.M.L. and Martin, A.G., (2010). Analysis of patient information leaflets provided by a district general hospital by the Flesch and Flesch–Kincaid method. International journal of clinical practice, 64(13), pp.1824-1831.



14.  Flesch R., (2017). ‘How to Write Plain English. Chapter 2.  Let’s Start with the Formula. Available at: (Accessed on 12 October 2017)


15.  Peterson, C.K., Buck, F., Pfirrmann, C.W., Zanetti, M. and Hodler, J., (2011). ‘Fluoroscopically guided diagnostic and therapeutic injections into foot articulations: report of short-term patient responses and comparison of outcomes between various injection sites’. American Journal of Roentgenology, 197(4), pp.949-953.



16. Bolejko, A., Sarvik, C., Hagell, P. and Brinck, A., (2008). ‘Meeting patient information needs before magnetic resonance imaging: development and evaluation of an information booklet’. Journal of radiology nursing, 27(3), pp.96-102.



17. Galloway, S., Graydon, J., Harrison, D., Evans‐Boyden, B., Palmer‐Wickham, S., Burlein‐Hall, S., Bij, L., West, P. and Blair, A., (1997). ‘Informational needs of women with a recent diagnosis of breast cancer: development and initial testing of a tool’. Journal of advanced nursing, 25(6), pp.1175-1183.



18.  Ong, L.M., De Haes, J.C., Hoos, A.M. and Lammes, F.B., (1995). ‘Doctor-patient communication: a review of the literature’. Social science & medicine, 40(7), pp.903-918.



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