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ECR 2018 / C-1211
Sarcopenia assessment with handheld ultrasound: a novel technique based on speed of sound
Congress: ECR 2018
Poster No.: C-1211
Type: Scientific Exhibit
Keywords: Extremities, Musculoskeletal soft tissue, Ultrasound physics, Ultrasound, Diagnostic procedure, Tissue characterisation, Geriatrics
Authors: M.-L. Metzger, G. Freystätter, K. Martini, T. Frauenfelder, O. Göksel, S. Sanabria, M. Rominger; Zurich/CH

Methods and materials


The calf muscles of 10 healthy, young, and female volunteers (mean age 29 years) as well as 10 elderly females (mean age 82 years) were prospectively examined with a standard ultrasound machine. (Table 1) A flat Plexiglas-reflector was used as timing reference for SoS (m/s) and ΔSoS (variation of SoS, m/s) on the opposite side of the probe with the calf in between. (Fig. 1 and 2) SoS, ΔSoS, handgrip strength (kPA), 5-point comfort score (one = comfortable to five = never again) and Tegner activity scores were assessed.



Table 1 Participant data



Young Females

Elderly Females

Age (yrs.)*

28.9 (2.8)



19.6 (1.4)


Tegner activity score*

4.3 (1)

0.8 (0.9)

Hand grip strength right (kPA)*

79.5 (8.3)


Hand grip  strength left (kPA) *


43.0 (14.6)

Hang grip mean right +left (kPA)*

83.8 (11.1)

40.8 (15.3)


*Significant differences between young and elderly females. In parenthesis standard deviation.



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