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ECR 2018 / C-3205
Uterine mass in pelvic MRI : the "atypical" myoma puzzle for the radiologist and the gynecologist.
Congress: ECR 2018
Poster No.: C-3205
Type: Educational Exhibit
Keywords: Pelvis, Oncology, MR, MR-Diffusion/Perfusion, MR-Functional imaging, Education, Diagnostic procedure, eLearning, Pathology, Cancer
Authors: G. Levy1, S. Taieb2; 1Nice/FR, 2Lille/FR


  1. Van den Bosch T and al. Screening for uterine tumours. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol (2012) 26:257–266

  2. Buttram VC Jr and al. Uterine leiomyomata: etiology, symptomatology, and management. Fertil Steril 1981; 36:433–445.

  3. Leibsohn S and al. Leiomyosarcoma in a series of hysterectomies performed for presumed uterine leiomyomas. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Apr;162(4):968–74. discussion 974-6.
  4. Kagan Arleo E and al. Review of Leiomyoma Variants, AJR October 2015.
  5. Blaustein’s Pathology of the Female Genital Tract. "6th Edition". Kurman RJ.1997.
  6. Fazel A and al. Réalités en Gynécologie-Obstétrique. 2008: 132-9.
  7. Hricack and al. Adenomyosis and leiomyoma: differential diagnosis with MR imaging. Radiology, 1987 May; 163(2):527-9.
  8. Schwartz LB and al. Does pelvic magnetic resonance imaging differentiate among the histologic subtypes of uterine leiomyomata ? Fertil Steril 1998 ; 70 : 580 - 7.
  9. Tamaï and al. The utility of diffusion-weighted MR imaging for differentiating uterine sarcomas from benign leiomyomas. Eur Radiol 2008; 18:723–730.
  10. Namimoto T and al. Combined use of T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted 3-T MR imaging for differentiating uterine sarcomas from benign leiomyomas. Eur Radiol. 2009; 19:2756–2764.
  11. Sato K and al. Clinical application of diffusion-weighted imaging for preoperative differentiation between uterine leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Apr;210(4):368.e1-368.e8.
  12. Thomassin-Naggara I and al. How to differenciate benign from malignant myometrial tumours using MR imaging. Eur Radiol. 2013 Apr 8.
  13. Towsend DE and al, Unicellular histogenesis of uterine leiomyomas as determined by electrophoresis of glucos-6-phosphaste deshydrogenase. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1970 ; 107 :1168-1173.
  14. Stoeckle E and al. Chirurgie spécifique des sarcomes utérins. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris©, pp 35-36. Eurocancer 2013
  15. Lamboley JL and al. A rare tumor: endometrial stromal nodule. Journal de radiologie Vol 91, N° 11-C1 - novembre 2010 pp. 1161-1163. 
  16. Taieb S and al. Imagerie des sarcomes utérins. Imagerie de la femme 2008;18:229-35.
  17. Dall'Asta and al. Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP): pathology, follow-up  and recurrence. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2014 Oct 2015;7(11):8136-42. eCollection 2014.
  18. Torricelli P and al. Slerosing stromal tumor of the ovary : US, CT, and MRI findings. Abdom. Imaging. 2002;27:588–591.
  19. Spielmann A and al. Comparaison of MRI and sonography in the preliminary evaluation for fibroid embolization. AJR, December 2006 ; 187 : 1499 - 1504.
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