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ECR 2018 / C-2902
Ultrasonographic Assessment of Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders in a Pediatric Emergency: Iconografhic Essay and Literature Review
Congress: ECR 2018
Poster No.: C-2902
Type: Educational Exhibit
Keywords: Parasites, Inflammation, Hernia, Radiation safety, Ultrasound-Power Doppler, Ultrasound, Paediatric, Gastrointestinal tract, Emergency
Authors: R. M. Villas Bôas1, A. Frota Coelho1, É. Fortaleza Nascimento Chaves Pedrosa1, V. Lauanna Lima Silva1, A. Aldo Melo Filho1, G. D'Ippolito2, E. Lima da Rocha1; 1Fortaleza/BR, 2São Paulo/BR




1. Sporea, Ioan, and Alina Popescu. "Ultrasound examination of the normal gastrointestinal tract." Medical ultrasonography 12.4 (2010): 349-352.

2. Fonio, Paolo, et al. "Ultrasonography (US) in the assessment of pediatric non traumatic gastrointestinal emergencies." Critical ultrasound journal 5.1 (2013): S12.

3. Darge, Kassa, et al. "Ultrasound of the bowel in children: how we do it." Pediatric radiology 40.4 (2010): 528-536.

4. Biko, David M., Daniel G. Rosenbaum, and Sudha A. Anupindi. "Ultrasound features of pediatric Crohn disease: a guide for case interpretation." Pediatric radiology 45.10 (2015): 1557-1566.) 

5. Gale, Heather I., et al. "Abdominal ultrasonography of the pediatric gastrointestinal tract." World journal of radiology 8.7 (2016): 656.

6. Hollerweger, Alois, Klaus Dirks, and Kazimierz Szopinski. "Transabdominal ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract." EFSUMB Course Book on Ultrasound (2012): 233-271.)

7. Kim, Sandra C., and George D. Ferry. "Inflammatory bowel diseases in pediatric and adolescent patients: clinical, therapeutic, and psychosocial considerations." Gastroenterology 126.6 (2004): 1550-1560.)

8. Sawczenko, A., and B. K. Sandhu. "Presenting features of inflammatory bowel disease in Great Britain and Ireland." Archives of disease in childhood 88.11 (2003): 995-1000.

9. Casciani, Emanuele, et al. "Imaging of the small bowel: Crohn’s disease in paediatric patients." World journal of radiology 6.6 (2014): 313.

10. Bremner, A. Ronald, et al. "Sonographic evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease: a prospective, blinded, comparative study." Pediatric radiology 36.9 (2006): 947-953.

11. Humes, D. J., and J. Simpson. "Acute appendicitis." BMJ: British Medical Journal 333.7567 (2006): 530.

12. Goldin, Adam B., et al. "Revised ultrasound criteria for appendicitis in children improve diagnostic accuracy." Pediatric radiology 41.8 (2011): 993-999.

13. Stoll BJ. Epidemiology of necrotizing enterocolitis. Clin Perinatol 1994;21:205–218.

14. Epelman, Monica, et al. "Necrotizing enterocolitis: review of state-of-the-art imaging findings with pathologic correlation." Radiographics 27.2 (2007): 285-305.

15. Silva, Cicero T., et al. "Correlation of sonographic findings and outcome in necrotizing enterocolitis." Pediatric radiology 37.3 (2007): 274-282.

16. Ein SH, Njere I, Ein A (2006) Six thousand three hundred sixty-one pediatric inguinal hernias: a 35-year review. J Pediatr Surg 41:980–986.

17. Sameshima, Yoshino T., et al. "The challenging sonographic inguinal canal evaluation in neonates and children: an update of differential diagnoses." Pediatric radiology 47.4 (2017): 461-472.

18. Kervancioglu, R., et al. "Ultrasonographic evaluation of bilateral groins in children with unilateral inguinal hernia." Acta Radiologica 41.6 (2000): 653-657.

19. Hernanz-Schulman, Marta. "Pyloric stenosis: role of imaging." Pediatric radiology 39 (2009): 134.

20. Haller, J. O., and H. L. Cohen. "Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: diagnosis using US." Radiology 161.2 (1986): 335-339. 

21. Miura, Sachiko, et al. "Ultrasound follow-up of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) during conservative therapy: ultrasound findings as criteria for diagnosis and cure." Journal of Medical Ultrasonics 35.2 (2008): 51-56.

22.da Silva Figueirêdo, Sizenildo, Cyrillo Rodrigues de Araújo Junior, and Bruno Barcelos da Nóbrega. "Estenose hipertrófica do piloro: caracterização clínica, radiológica e ecográfica." Radiologia Brasileira 36.2 (2003): 111-116.

23. del-Pozo, Gloria, Jose C. Albillos, and Daniel Tejedor. "Intussusception: US findings with pathologic correlation--the crescent-in-doughnut sign." Radiology 199.3 (1996): 688-692.

24. Daneman, Alan, and Oscar Navarro. "Intussusception: Part 1: A review of diagnostic approaches." Pediatric radiology 33.2 (2003).

25. Swischuk, L. E., C. K. Hayden, and T. Boulden. "Intussusception: indications for ultrasonography and an explanation of the doughnut and pseudokidney signs." Pediatric radiology 15.6 (1985): 388-391.

26. Hayden CK, Boulden TF, Swischuk LE, Lobe TE (1984) Sonographic diagnosis of duodenal obstruction with midgut volvulus.

27. Leonidas JC, Magid N, Soberman N, Glass TS (1991) Midgut volvulus in infants: diagnosis with US. Radiology 179:491.

28.Pracros, J. P., et al. "Ultrasound diagnosis of midgut volvulus: the “whirlpool” sign." Pediatric radiology 22.1 (1992): 18-20.

29. Khuroo, Mohammad S., et al. "Hepatobiliary and pancreatic ascariasis." World journal of gastroenterology 22.33 (2016): 7507.

30. Hoffmann H, Kawooya M, Esterre P, Ravaolimalala-Thomas AK, Roux-Seitz HM, Doehring VEl. In vivoand in vitro studies of the sonographic detection ofAscaris lumbricoides. Pediatr Radiol 1997; 27: 226–229.

31.Coşkun, Abdulhakim, et al. "Intestinal ascariasis as a cause of bowel obstruction in two patients: sonographic diagnosis." Journal of clinical ultrasound 24.6 (1996): 326-328.

32.Mahmood, Tariq, et al. "Ultrasonographic appearance of Ascaris lumbricoides in the small bowel." Journal of ultrasound in medicine 20.3 (2001): 269-274.

34. Ascariasis of the alimentary tract, liver, pancreas and biliary system: its diagnosis by ultrasonography. Hepatogastroenterology 1998; 45:932–7. 

35. Ratcliffe, J. F. (“The ultrasonographic appearance of a trichobezoar." The British journal of radiology 55.650 (1982): 166-167) 

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