The learning objectives of this Educational exhibit are: 1.
Review the most common pulmonary manifestations of illicit drug use according to the general features found in each drug 2.
Illustrate some of the most common pulmonary CT findings in patients with history of current or previous illicit drug use
Humans have used recreational drugs since the beginning of civilization.
in the last century,
the use of illicit drugs has significantly increased with nearly half of all teenagers and young adults (between15-24-year-olds) in the UK admitting to using illicit drugs (1). The most common recreational drugs are cannabinoids,
Pulmonary complications can involve lung parenchyma,
pulmonary vasculature,pleural layers and pleural space. Due to social and legal reasons,...
Findings and procedure details
The authors reviewed the data obtained from the drug and alcohol service at Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital in the Northwest of England between January and May 2018.
The database included 116 consecutive patients.
a full drug history was available for 54 patients and these included for descriptive statistical analysis. The authors found that 22 patients (40%) used multiple drugs.
The most common combination was Heroin and Crack Cocaine- 26% of all patients.
This was followed by...
Liberalization of drug use laws especially with cannabis is expected to lead to increased drug use.
it is essential for radiologists to be aware of the wide spectrum of pleural and pulmonary complications of illicit recreational drug use. The present pictorial atlas demonstrates the various intrathoracic changes caused by illicit drug use which includes changes not only in the lung parenchyma but also in the tracheobronchial tree,
Overall the changes demonstrated on...
Illicit production of cocaine.
Forensic Science Review 1993; 5:95–107. 2.
The pulmonary consequences of crack cocaine.Chest.1995;107: 233–40. 3.
Pulmonary complications from Cocaine and Cocaine-based Substances: Imaging Manifestations RadioGraphics 2007; 27: 941–956 . 4.
Toxicidad pulmonar inducida por cocaı´na.
Revista Colombiana de...