Illustrate the most common types of abdominal wall hernias. Describe the proper dynamic ultrasound technique for evaluating anterior abdominal wall hernias.
Abdominal wall hernias are often diagnosed clinically,
but those that present with pain without a lump or bulge are often referred for diagnostic imaging .
Real-time ultrasound has several advantages over other imaging modalities: Accessible and relatively fast exam It does not use ionizing radiation The ability to scan the patient in both upright and supine positions Use of dynamic manoeuvers Ability to document motion in real time Positioning and dynamic maneuvers affect the ability to...
Findings and procedure details
US is a technique with known limitations and highly dependent on the operator expertise.
To accurately diagnose and give relevant information about an abdominal wall hernia,
the radiologist must be aware of some key aspects: 1 - KNOW YOUR ANATOMY: An understanding of abdominal wall and inguinal region anatomy is essential to a accurate sonographic diagnosis.
The inferior epigastric artery ( Fig.
2) at its origin is a critical anatomic landmark in differentiating indirect from direct inguinal...
Dynamic ultrasound is the modality of choice for assessing abdominal wall pain,
enabling radiologists to more accurately detect hernias and evaluate their size,
Each of these features should be determined during the examination and should be specifically mentioned in the final report,
along with the dynamic components of the examination.
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“Dynamic Ultrasound of Hernias of the Groin and Anterior Abdominal Wall.” Ultrasound Quarterly,
"Classification of primary and incisional abdominal wall hernias".
Available: 10.1007/s10029-009-0518-x Jenkins,
John T and Patrick J O'Dwyer.
“Inguinal hernias” BMJ (Clinical research ed.) vol.
336,7638 (2008): 269-72. AhmedAlenazi,...