To review radiological features of IgG4-Related Disease (IgG4-RD) in the abdomen and pelvis and their correlation with physiopathological and clinical features. To evaluate the utility of multimodality cross-sectional imaging in its diagnosis. To highlight the imaging clues for an appropriate differential diagnosis.
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multisystemic and increasingly diagnosed immunemediated fibroinflammatory condition characterized by diffuse or focal tumor lesions with a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate enriched in IgG4-positive plasma cells associated with obliterative phlebitis and a variable degree of fibrosis.
Elevated IgG4 serum levels are found in 60-70% of patients,
but they are not pathogenic and only represent a down-regulatory response of the immune system. IgG4-RD mostly...
Findings and procedure details
IgG4-related Pancreatitis ( Fig. 1 , Fig. 2 ) IgG4-related pancreatitis is the most common intrabdominal manifestation of the IgG4-RD and it accounts for 5-11% of chronic pancreatitis. Patients present with similar symptoms of pancreatic adenocarcinoma or chronic pancreatitis,
such as mild abdominal pain,
and new-onset diabetes.
Radiological features are key clues in the differential diagnosis along with involving of extrapancreatic organs and responsiveness...
IgG4-RSD is a multisystemic fibroinflammatory condition that mimics many neoplastic,
infectious and inflammatory disorders. Radiologists should be able to recognize key radiological features and frequent multiorgan involvement of the disease to establish an accurate and timely diagnosis in combination with clinical history and serologic markers and to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures.
José Miguel Escudero-Fernández Department of Abdominal Imaging Hospital Universitari Materno-Infantil Vall d’Hebron,
Institut català de la Salut. Passeig de la Vall d’Hebron 119-129 08035 Barcelona Spain Email: email@example.com
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