Describe the anatomy of the peritoneal cavity and how it relates to the etiologyof peritoneal diseases. Review the common causes of peritoneal diseases and their imaging manifestations on CT imaging. Describe typical appearances of peritoneal diseases that may point to a more specific diagnosis.
Peritoneal spaces and ligaments are frequently affected by infectious,
traumatic and neoplastic diseases.
An accurate knowledge of peritoneal anatomy and diseases is essential to provide the diagnosis. Recognizing the peritoneal anatomy and its imaging findings may assist in the detection and characterization of peritoneal diseases.
In addition itmay explain how neoplastic disease and other pathologic processes spread. The diagnosis of a peritoneal process can be challenging and...
Findings and procedure details
1. PERITONEAL CAVITY 1.1.
The peritoneal cavity is divided into interconnecting spaces,
the supramesocolic and inframesocolic spaces and the pelvic cavity. 1.1.1.
Supramesocolic compartment (intraperitoneal spaces above the transverse colon) - contains - stomach liver spleen Further,
the supramesocolic space is arbitrarily subdivided into right and left supramesocolic spaces. Spaces The right supramesocolic space includes: Right subphrenic space (Fig.1) Hepatorenal space (Morison's pouch)...
The knowledge of peritoneal spaces and ligaments plays an essential role in determining the etiology and extension of peritoneal diseases.
Along with the clinical data,
it can reduce the list of differential diagnosis and in some cases provide a specific diagnosis.
The mesentery: structure,
and role in disease.
J Calvin Coffey,
D Peter O'Leary.
The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology,
2016 Applied peritoneal anatomy.
Clinical Radiology 68 (2013) 509e520. CT imaging of peritoneal carcinomatosis and its mimics A.D.
Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging (2014) 95,
861—872 Adult Abdominal Hernias.
2014 Internal hernias: a brief review O.