To review the principles of 3D printing ,
segmentation tools and fusion algorithms for 3D segmentation in thoracic neoplasms.
in a cased – based approach ,
the steps necessary to do a pre - surgical 3D printing model combining magnetic resonance and computed tomography datasets.
Introduction 3D printing is referred to the generation of a physical 3D model based on acquired imagines,
from both CT and MR.
Although there is scarce literature,
has been used for pre-surgical planning,
especially in complex surgeries.
has been applied for learning purposes.
There are a wide range of printing materials and methods,
the radiologist must be aware of. This process is also known as additive manufacturing and rapid prototyping and was firstly used on 1986 for manufacturing...
Findings and procedure details
CT acquisition and post – processing CT constitutes the initial technique for the evaluation and initial staging in patients with lung cancer.
With the last generation CT,
the introduction of radiation dose management,
improvement in matrix reconstruction and detector technology,
the anatomical detail derived from this technique is excellent. As 3D printing model is based on the DICOM images acquired,
the quality of CT acquisition has direct relationship with result obtained in the...
3D printing constitutes a novel and potentially useful technique available for treatment planning and learning improvement.
Although its impact is still to be proved,
this procedure could improve surgery planning specially in complex operations.
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Morikawa T (2014) Thoracoscopic anatomical subsegmentectomy of the right S2b + S3 using a 3D printing model with rapid prototyping.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 19:696–8. 2.
Demmy TL (2015) Three-dimensional printing to facilitate anatomic study,
and planning in thoracic surgery.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 149:973–979.e1. 3.
Huang L (2016) Three-dimensional printing titanium...