List various lesions involving the spleen Describe the imaging findings of these lesions Discuss the radiologic differential diagnoses of these lesions
The spleen is an organ of the hematological system and has a role in immune response,
storage of red blood cells and hematopoiesis.
Most splenic lesions are detected incidentally.
The spleen is considered ‘the neglected organ’ among radiologists and clinicians,
although it is well visualized on abdominal radiologic imaging.
Ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) are the most frequently used modalities in the detection of splenic lesions.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is generally...
Findings and procedure details
We classified lesions affecting the spleen in six major categories: (a) Normal variants,
(b) congenital diseases,
(d) infectious/ inflammatory diseases,
(e) vascular and hematologic disorders,
(f) benign and malignant tumors,
and (g) other diseases.
All cases confirmed by surgical resection,
or radiological follow-up study.
This article presents a description and representative radiological images for many of these disorders. NORMAL VARIANTS Splenic clefts,
notches and lobulations...
Focal and diffuse lesions affecting the spleen are rare and are often detected incidentally during radiological examinations.
The knowledge of imaging findings and differential diagnosis of splenic lesions help radiologists in daily routine.
Congenital anomalies of the spleen.
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Splenic Anomalies Shape,
Size and Location: Pictoral Essay.
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Van Nieuwenhuyse JP,
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Intrapancreatic Accessory Spleen.
Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology 2016;100(1):79. Vancauwenberghe T,