To review the causes,
features and complications of pediatric intussusception; To identify and recognize the radiological imaging findings in these patients,with an emphasis on ultrasound; To describe potential imaging-guided treatments.
Intussusception is defined as the invagination of a segment of the bowel into the adjacent bowel segment.
It’s one of the most common causes of abdominal pain and acute bowel obstruction in children and can lead to significant complications. The majority of pediatric intussusceptions are idiopathic.
They occur more frequently in young children,
and there is a male predominance.
Both small and large bowel can be involved; however,
intussusception involving the ileocecal junction is the most...
Findings and procedure details
etiology and complications Intussusception is one of the leading causes of acute abdomen in childhood,
and it is a medical emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and management. It is defined as the invagination of a portion of the proximal bowel (intussusceptum) into a contiguous segment of the distal bowel (intussuscipiens). Both small and large bowel can be involved,
but ileocolic intussusceptions represent the majority of cases,
more than 80%,
with the terminal...
Diagnosing an intussusception can be challenging because of its non-specific symptoms,
and missing imagiologic features can be devastating for the patient. As such,
it is essential to be aware and recognize the ultrasound features of intussusception and its potential radiological management options,
to allow prompt diagnosis and early treatment in order to reduce morbidity and mortality.
present and future.
2017 Aug; 47(9): 1101-1108; Fiegel H,
Systematic review shows that pathological lead points are important and frequent in intussusception and are not limited to infants.
2016 Nov; 105(11):1275-1279; Gluckman S,
Management for intussusception in children.
Cochrane Database Syst Ver.
2017 Jun1; 6:CD006476; Gale H,