To demonstrate the appearance of the urinary tract,
including the kidneys,
after surgery. To illustrate a variety of postsurgical changes of the urinary tract including nephrectomies and urinary diversions. To demonstrate postoperative complications of the urinary tract.
A variety of pathologies including malignancy,
and congenital abnormality result in the surgical intervention of the urinary tract.
These interventions include resections or even creating a new type of urinary system.
As a result,
the resulting postsurgical changes of the urinary tract are of importance to clinicians in evaluating urinary system function. Complications of surgical intervention of the urinary system include both acute and chronic pathologies,
Findings and procedure details
Kidneys and Ureters 1.1 Partial Nephrectomy Partial nephrectomy is a treatment strategy for small renal cancers that decreases the severity of morbidity associated with complete nephrectomies,
such as chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease Involves removal of a portion of kidney containing tumor ( Fig.
1-2 ) Alternatives include total nephrectomy or radiofrequency ablation Common complications of partial nephrectomy include hematoma,
The urinary tract can take on many different forms following surgery.
As a result,
it is important for the radiologist to understand the anatomy of the postsurgical urinary system.
Understanding postoperative anatomy can help the radiologist identify acute and late complications of surgery.
Accurate diagnosis of urinary tract surgery complications is important for timely treatment.
and Pablo De La Torre.
"CT Findings in Urinary Diversion after Radical Cystectomy: Postsurgical Anatomy and Complications." RadioGraphics 29.2 (2009): 461-76.
and Paschalis I.
"Urinary Tract Infections in Patients With Urinary Diversion." American Journal of Kidney Diseases 46.6 (2005): 1030-037.
and Arnulf Stenzl.
"Ileal Neobladder and Its Variants."...