Review the diseases included in the spectrum of the degenerative process of the spine and their radiologic manifestations. 2.
To present the most accepted nomenclature in the radiological practice as well as the most up-to-date diagnostic criteria. 3.
Describe new techniques and future perspectives. 4.
To present a practical guide to writing radiological reports.
Lumbar degeneration is extremely frequent,
being an unavoidable outcome result of the imbalance of mechanical loads,
and morphological and biochemical changes of multifactorial origin (age,
environmental and genetic factors) affecting the spine.
Involved structures include the intervertebral discs,
ligaments and spine musculature,
which in a continuous process of degeneration / compensation give rise to different pathologies that are depicted in detail...
Findings and procedure details
This exhibition is based mostly on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),
because it is currently the best imaging test to demonstrate the normal,
pathologic and adaptive changes occurring in the spine,
owing its high anatomic definition and greater tissue contrast compared to other techniques. The physiologic spine In normal spine the vertebral bodies are aligned in sagittal/coronal planes,
intervertebral discs conserve height and high T2 signal-intensity (SI) and are confined to vertebral...
After reading this educational exhibit the radiologist will be able to adequately describe and report the degenerative phenomena of the lumbar spine.
We provide an updated review of nomenclature,
diagnostic criteria and imaging techniques of recent appearance.
Pelvic Evaluation in Thoracolumbar Corrective Spine Surgery: How I Do It.
2016 Feb 17;278(3):646–56. 2.
Gabriel Rothman SL,
Lumbar disc nomenclature: version 2.0.
2014 Nov;14(11):2525–45. 3.
Uncommon Manifestations of Intervertebral Disk Pathologic Conditions.
2016 May;36(3):801–23. 4.