To describe CT and MRI cardiac imaging findings that might be cause of stroke. To identify subtle cardiac findings in angiographic-CT study usually performed in initial diagnosis of stroke. To perform a proper differential diagnosis in order to establish an optimal therapeutic approach in the acute stroke setting and further preventive therapy.
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in developed countries.
brain infarction is the second most common cause of mortality and the third most common cause of disability.
While the overall rate of stroke-related mortality is decreasing,
the absolute number of people with stroke and the global burden of stroke-related disability is high and increasing. Cardiogenic strokes account for approximately 25% of all ischemic strokes ,
with an increasing risk in elderly...
Findings and procedure details
TABLE OF CONTENTS Overview Atrium (> left) High risk causes: atrial fibrillation,
atrial tumors. Low risk causes: patent foramen ovale,
interatrial septal aneurysm,
interatrial communication Ventricle (> left) High risk causes: ventricular thrombi and myocardial infarction,
dilated cardiomyopathy. Low risk causes: myocardial contractility dysfunction,
interventricular communication. Valvular heart disease High risk causes:...
Radiologists play a pivotal role in stroke diagnosis and management.
new cardiac imaging techniques as CT and MRI can be used to identify several subtle cardiac pathologies responsible for stroke that otherwise may remain unnoticed. Radiologists should be able to recognize these findings in order to perform an accurate diagnosis,
which is in great value for patient´s management.
Contact details: Dr.
Flavio Zuccarino Thoracic Radiology Section.
Department of Radiology,
Hospital del Mar.
Spain. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Dr.
Marta Vilas Resident in training.Department of Radiology,
Hospital del Mar.
Spain. Email:email@example.com Department of Radiology,
Hospital del Mar: Thoracic radiology section: Dr.
Del Carpio Bellido Dr.
Fernández Alarza Dr.
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Cardioembolic Stroke: Clinical Features,
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Curr Cardiol Rev.
2010;6:150–61. 3. Arsava EM,
The Causative Classification of Stroke system: an international reliability and optimization study.
Neurology 2010; 75:1277. 4....