The purpose of this educational exhibit is to describe the most common vascular malformations and to illustrate materials and techniques at interventional radiologist’s disposal to treat them in order to achieve the best therapeutic result,
outlining their advantages and limits.
Vascular malformations are structural lesions resulting from errors of vascular morphogenesis (1),
histologically characterized by a single line of endothelial cells.
Even if congenital,
they are not always appreciable at birth.
(2) (See Figure 1 and Figure 2) A multidisciplinary approach is crucial for the treatment of patients with vascular malformations.
(1) Interventional radiology offers an effective,
treatment for these pathologies and plays a crucial role in the...
Findings and procedure details
Classification : The differentiation of vascular malformations into high flow,
low flow or mixed lesions is crucial in developing treatment strategies.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7) (9) In 1982 Mulliken and Glowacki introduced a classification system rooted in the pathophysiology of these lesions (1) (11).
This standard was adopted by the “International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA)” and continues to be embraced by many clinicians in current practice (1) (12).
Interventional radiology plays a crucial role in the management of patients affected by vascular malformations.
A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in the treatment of patients with these pathologies.
E Gribbin C. Vascular anomalies: A pictorial review of nomenclature,
diagnosis and treatment. World Radiol 2014 September 28; 6(9):677-692. 2) Nozaki T,
et al. Syndromes associated with vascular tumors and malformations: a pictorial review. Radiographics 2013 Jul-Aug;33(4):12A. 3) Colletti G,
et al. Contemporary management of vascular malformations. J Oral Maxillofac Surg.
2014 Mar;72(3):510-28. 4)...