Review the different types of endometriosis,
superficial and deeply infiltrating. Determining optimal protocols for evaluating endometriosis with MRI imaging,
establishing the utility of the classic sequences,
MRI enterography or uro-MRI,
the use of gadolinium and the application of vaginal or rectal gel,
oriented along the patient’s clinical manifestations.
The treatment of endometriosis is complete surgical excision.
The superficial endometriosis or the endometriomas are only part of the spectrum of the disease and sometimes they are just the tip of the iceberg,
a disorder that causes adhesions and can invade extraperitoneal structures and viscera. The deeply infiltrating endometriosis is defined as subperitoneal invasion at the depth of more than 5 mm and may affect fibromuscular pelvic structures,
the urinary tract,
the rectum and the...
Imaging findings OR Procedure details
INTRODUCTION Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functional endometrial glands and stroma outside the endometrial cavity and myometrium.
This ectopic tissue may appear as microscopic implants to large heme containing cysts (endometriomas).
Due to their hormone-dependence they can cause bleeding,
fibrosis and adhesions,
causing pelvic pain and infertility. It is difficult to determine precisely the prevalence of endometriosis,
but it is estimated to affect 5-10% of the...
MR imaging is the diagnostic method of choice for non-invasive assessment of endometriosis.
An adequate knowledge of the sequences,
the pathophysiology of the disease and the anatomic locations of affectation,
allow an accurate diagnosis and appropriate surgical approach.
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Unusual imaging appearances of endometriosis.
AJR Am J Roentgenol 2009 Jun;192(6):1632-44. (2) Berlanda N,
Rectovaginal or bowel endometriosis. 10-6-0011. Ref Type: Online Source (3) Del FC,
Deep retroperitoneal pelvic endometriosis: MR imaging appearance with laparoscopic correlation.
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