To describe the characteristic radiological signs of tuberculosis involving the musculoskeletal system. To illustrate cases depicting tuberculous affliction of spine,
bones and joints. To depict the complications and sequelae of tuberculosis. To discuss the mimickers of tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis (TB) has always been a major public health problem in developing countries.
The incidence had decreased with the introduction of antituberculous drugs but resurgence has been seen due to drug resistance.
Prevalence has increased in developed countries due to large population suffering from chronic diseases (e.g.,
chronic renal failure,
chronic obstructive disease,
a growing number of immunocompromised...
Imaging findings OR Procedure details
TUBERCULAR PLAIN RADIOGRAPH USG CT MRI SPONDYLITIS (fig 1-6) indistinct end plates loss of vertebral height narrowing of disc space and collapse of vertebra with kyphotic deformity lytic destruction(no reactive sclerosis or periosteal reaction) Anterior erosions d/t subligamentous involvement Fusiform abscess (bird’s nest appearance) in thoracic spine, Converging lower border of abscess at thoracolumbar junction (petering abscess) In the lumbar region: bulging or indistinct psoas outline...
Tuberculosis is endemic in the Indian subcontinent and has also made a comeback in the industrialized nations with the rise in immunosuppressed population and drug resistance.
Radiologists should be familiar with the imaging spectrum of musculoskeletal tuberculosis.
Timely diagnosis of tubercular infection in the musculoskeletal system can reduce the morbidity seen in the natural course of the disease.
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AUTHORS: Smita Manchanda Assistant Professor Radiodiagnosis UCMS and GTB hospital New Delhi India Sakshi Khurana : Presenting author Resident Radiodiagnosis UCMS and GTB hospital New Delhi India Nipun Rajpal Resident Radiodiagnosis UCMS and GTB hospital New Delhi India Sachin Agrawal Resident Radiodiagnosis UCMS and GTB hospital New Delhi India Swati Gupta Resident Radiodiagnosis UCMS and GTB hospital New Delhi India Naveen Bhardwaj Resident Radiodiagnosis UCMS and GTB hospital New Delhi...