Traditional Medicine in Sub-Saharan Africa Since prior to colonialism,
traditional medicine has remained the main source of health care across Africa,
despite the growth of allopathic healthcare sectors. 1-3 Traditional medicine encompasses a broad range of healthcare specialties,
including traditional bone setting for care of musculoskeletal injury. 4 The WHO and governments around the world recognize the importance of traditional medicine as a primary source of healthcare due to its...
Between June and July 2017,
we interviewedsix self-described traditional bone setters located via word-of-mouth in the Northern Tanzanian regions of Kilimanjaro,
and Manyara. Interviews: occured at either the bone setters' places of work or homes wereconducted by a foreign investigator in English and translated into a language comfortable for the bone setters by a local investigator fluent in both English and Swahili or Maa with experience in research translation lasted 1-2 hours were...
Training: Men from previous generations of their families pass down knowledge of bone setting(n=4). One bone setter hadundergone multiple trainings on allopathic techniques organized by municipal governments and conducted by health workers (n=1). The highest level of education attained was primary school by two bone setters (n=6). Livelihood & Practice Volume: Only one traditional bone setter practices full-time while the rest support themselves byeither selling traditional medicines (n=2) or...
There is a need to train traditional bone setters dueto safety concerns: Table 6: Traditional bone setting techniques and associated safety concerns. Technique Safety Risk splinting without using radiographic imaging malunion,
nonunion manipulating or creating wounds with unsterile tools infection using blunt trauma to re-break bones further unnecessary injury Incorporation of traditional bone setting into allopathic orthopaedic care could offer the advantages of communication networks,...
Trends and challenges of traditional medicine in Africa. African J Tradit Complement Altern Med .
doi:10.4314/ajtcam.v8i5S.5 Agarwal A,
The practice and tradition of bonesetting. Educ Health (Abingdon) .
2010;23(1):225. World Health Organization (WHO). WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002-2005 .; 2002.
doi:WHO/EDM/TRM/2002.1 Mhame PP,
Clinical Practices of African Traditional Medicine. African Heal Monit .
Short Bio (max. 150 words or less)
Elizabeth Card is a second year medical student at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine.
She graduated Summa Cum Laude with a Bachelor of Science in Biology from Tufts University in 2014.
After graduation she taught English at the National University of Laos,
volunteered with surgical missions,
and performed infectious disease research with the Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital-Wellcome Trust Research Unit as a Fulbright Scholar in Laos.
She is actively involved on the...