|ESSR 2016 / P-0048|
|MR-Assessment of the Temporomandibular Joint - Where to look and what to look for|
Pain related to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is very common and experienced in up to 20 -30% of the population with a female predominance (f:m = 3:1). Clinical symptoms of TMJ disorder include also decreased mandibular movement and mastication problems. The most common cause and clinical diagnosis for TMJ-symptoms is internal derangement of the articular disc an joint biomechanics. Clinical evaluation of the TMJ can be unreliable due to a huge overlap of internal derangement symptoms with myofascial pain dysfunction, that is often stress related and a psychophysiological disease. Less common causes of TMJ-disorders are related to infection, trauma, neoplasm oder inflammatory arthritis.